Historical version of the Constitution for the Debian Project (v1.3) Version 1.3 ratified on September 24th, 2006. Supersedes Version 1.2 ratified on October 29th, 2003 and Version 1.1 ratified on June 21st, 2003, which itself supersedes Version 1.0 ratified on December 2nd, 1998. That was superseded by the current version, 1.4 ratified on October 7th, 2007. 1. Introduction The Debian Project is an association of individuals who have made common cause to create a free operating system. This document describes the organisational structure for formal decision-making in the Project. It does not describe the goals of the Project or how it achieves them, or contain any policies except those directly related to the decision-making process. 2. Decision-making bodies and individuals Each decision in the Project is made by one or more of the following: 1. The Developers, by way of General Resolution or an election; 2. The Project Leader; 3. The Technical Committee and/or its Chairman; 4. The individual Developer working on a particular task; 5. Delegates appointed by the Project Leader for specific tasks; 6. The Project Secretary. Most of the remainder of this document will outline the powers of these bodies, their composition and appointment, and the procedure for their decision-making. The powers of a person or body may be subject to review and/or limitation by others; in this case the reviewing body or person's entry will state this. In the list above, a person or body is usually listed before any people or bodies whose decisions they can overrule or who they (help) appoint - but not everyone listed earlier can overrule everyone listed later. 2.1. General rules 1. Nothing in this constitution imposes an obligation on anyone to do work for the Project. A person who does not want to do a task which has been delegated or assigned to them does not need to do it. However, they must not actively work against these rules and decisions properly made under them. 2. A person may hold several posts, except that the Project Leader, Project Secretary and the Chairman of the Technical Committee must be distinct, and that the Leader cannot appoint themselves as their own Delegate. 3. A person may leave the Project or resign from a particular post they hold, at any time, by stating so publicly. 3. Individual Developers 3.1. Powers An individual Developer may 1. make any technical or nontechnical decision with regard to their own work; 2. propose or sponsor draft General Resolutions; 3. propose themselves as a Project Leader candidate in elections; 4. vote on General Resolutions and in Leadership elections. 3.2. Composition and appointment 1. Developers are volunteers who agree to further the aims of the Project insofar as they participate in it, and who maintain package(s) for the Project or do other work which the Project Leader's Delegate(s) consider worthwhile. 2. The Project Leader's Delegate(s) may choose not to admit new Developers, or expel existing Developers. If the Developers feel that the Delegates are abusing their authority they can of course override the decision by way of General Resolution - see 4.1(3), 4.2. 3.3. Procedure Developers may make these decisions as they see fit. 4. The Developers by way of General Resolution or election 4.1. Powers Together, the Developers may: 1. Appoint or recall the Project Leader. 2. Amend this constitution, provided they agree with a 3:1 majority. 3. Make or override any decision authorised by the powers of the Project Leader or a Delegate. 4. Make or override any decision authorised by the powers of the Technical Committee, provided they agree with a 2:1 majority. 5. Issue, supersede and withdraw nontechnical policy documents and statements. These include documents describing the goals of the project, its relationship with other free software entities, and nontechnical policies such as the free software licence terms that Debian software must meet. They may also include position statements about issues of the day. 1. A Foundation Document is a document or statement regarded as critical to the Project's mission and purposes. 2. The Foundation Documents are the works entitled "Debian Social Contract" and "Debian Free Software Guidelines". 3. A Foundation Document requires a 3:1 majority for its supersession. New Foundation Documents are issued and existing ones withdrawn by amending the list of Foundation Documents in this constitution. 6. Make decisions about property held in trust for purposes related to Debian. (See 9.). 7. In case of a disagreement between the project leader and the incumbent secretary, appoint a new secretary. 4.2. Procedure 1. The Developers follow the Standard Resolution Procedure, below. A resolution or amendment is introduced if proposed by any Developer and sponsored by at least K other Developers, or if proposed by the Project Leader or the Technical Committee. 2. Delaying a decision by the Project Leader or their Delegate: 1. If the Project Leader or their Delegate, or the Technical Committee, has made a decision, then Developers can override them by passing a resolution to do so; see 4.1(3). 2. If such a resolution is sponsored by at least 2K Developers, or if it is proposed by the Technical Committee, the resolution puts the decision immediately on hold (provided that resolution itself says so). 3. If the original decision was to change a discussion period or a voting period, or the resolution is to override the Technical Committee, then only K Developers need to sponsor the resolution to be able to put the decision immediately on hold. 4. If the decision is put on hold, an immediate vote is held to determine whether the decision will stand until the full vote on the HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden Connection: close Content-Length: 1807 Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8 Restricted Content

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